Prior to Indian independence Tamil Nadu was under British colonial rule as part of the Madras Presidency.
When India became independent in 1947, Madras Presidency became Madras State, in 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu, meaning Tamil country.
Hinduism is the dominant religion and has a higher percentage of adherents in Tamil Nadu (88%) when compared to other states. Christianity, though a minority, has the highest population in absolute numbers when compared to other states.
Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, music and dance which continue to flourish today. Unique cultural features like Bharatanatyam (dance), Tanjore painting, and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practised in Tamil Nadu.
Tamil is the only official language of Tamil Nadu. English is also in common usage as an official language of India. When India adopted national standards Tamil was the very first language to be recognized as a classical language of India. The Tamil people regard their language a very important part of their cultural identity. (source wikipedia)
This is a series in three parts by photographer Thierry Clech
Tamil Nadu 1:3